Although practitioners sometimes see patients who are manic and have
excessive joy, they are more likely
to see patients with an absence of joy (bu le) or 'disorderly'
movements between the two states.
There is a truth inherent in the cliché, 'No man is an island', and in
order to have a healthy Fire Element,
people must have satisfying contact with other people.
As a cause of disease lack of joy (bu le) is often the result of a
person's life lacking fun, warmth and laughter Although people can feel
joy on their own, it is predominantly an emotion that is nourished by
social interaction. Feelings of loneliness and isolation are epidemic
in modern society and often lead to joylessness, and in turn people
prone to a lack of joy often find it difficult to maintain intimate