Initial Warning Signs Of Heat Stroke
This is a rare but serious disorder, and
requires urgent medical attention. It is due to failure of the
heat-regulating mechanism of the body. The features of established heat
stroke are red/hot/dry skin, very ill and high fever. Warning signs of
its onset include:
Diminution or cessation of sweating
Frequency of urination
Weakness, headache, dizziness, nausea,
and muscle cramps (these features are very similar to those of heat
exhaustion, described previously; the level of sweat production is,
Rise in body temperature
Symptoms Of Established Heat Stroke
Without correct treatment, after some
hours, these initial warning symptoms give way to the abrupt
development of established heat stroke:
Vomiting, chest pain, muscle twitching,
anxiety, sometimes mental derangement
The skin becomes hot and dry, and the
A rapid rise in body temperature, which
may reach 110˚F (43.3˚C)
Delirium, followed by coma ensues
Urinary output falls
Convulsions and projectile vomiting are
grave signs, temperatures above 108"F (42.2˚c) usually inducing
irreversible brain damage
The pupils, which are initially
contracted, become dilated
The mortality rate is up to 50%, and
death is more likely in the very young or old, those with heart or
kidney disease, and chronic alcoholics.
Homeopathic Therapy For The Reduction Of
Unconscious or semi-conscious patients
should be placed in the horizontal position in a cool place, and
stripped of all clothing. The airway must be maintained by placing the
patient on his side, and elevating the chin.
Cooling must not be too rapid, and is
most safely achieved by frequently wiping the entire skin with water or
alcohol (or covering the patient with a wet sheet), and fanning
vigorously. Cooling may be more rapidly achieved by the use of a bath
of cool (not cold !) water, but excessive cooling is a real danger
here, and the method should be reserved for more severe cases. Rectal
temperatures should be taken every 10 minutes, and the cooling
operation should cease when a reading of 103˚F (39.4˚C) is attained.
Thereafter, the naked patient should be covered with a sheet.
Assist the circulation by massaging the
limbs towards the heart
In conjunction with the above measures,
the following homeopathic remedies should be given in afternoon
(alternately) every 10-15 minutes, until significant recovery occurs:
(a) Belladonna 30 (crushed/liquid potency)
(b) Carbo Vegetabilis 30 (crushed/liquid potency)
Recovery is signified by a rapid fall of
body temperature, and the resumption of sweating, the latter being a
particularly favorable sign.
The replacement of salt and water is of
secondary importance compared with the need to reduce body temperature,
and unless intravenous solutions are available must wait until the
patient has recovered consciousness.
Full recovery may take up to one month, with replaces being common.
Ideally, the patient should be
transferred to a cooler climate. Long after an episode of heat
stroke, there may be reduced tolerance to hot climates, a situation
which may be modified by the prescription of homeopathic constitutional
treatment by a professional homoeopathist.